Psychosocial Problems and Its Associated Factors among Individual Residing in Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Centers
Introduction: Psychosocial problems among substance abusers are one of the important, challenging public health problems in a worldwide context which is often remain unrecognized and left untreated. This study aims to identify the psychosocial problems and its associated factors among individuals residing in drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers.
Methods : A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 271 participants from January to July 2019 who are residing in four different rehabilitation centers in Kathmandu. A standard tool ‘Drug Use Screening Inventory – Revised (DUSI-R)’ was used to assess psychosocial problem with face to face interview method. Data were entered in Epi-Data and analyzed using SPSS.
Results: Majority of the participants (54.2%) had secondary level education. Most of the participants (43.5%) were unemployed and were found to be involved in substance abuse. The majority of the family member of the participant (62.7%) didn't use alcohol. The starting age of most of the participants (94.5%) who were using drugs was less than 25 years. The mean score of DUSI-R tools was found to be 48.89. The majority of the participants were using alcohol, which was easily available in the market. It was also found that the psychosocial problem was associated with age and education. The psychological problem is seen in less than half (46.1%) of the participant and found to be more prevail in below 30 years of age group and mostly who are in secondary level of education.
Conclusions: About half of the participants residing in rehabilitation center had psychosocial problem. Secondary level education period is a crucial time to be more aware where students are at greater risk of having substance abuse including psychosocial problem.
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