Prevalence of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases and Screening of Possible Cardiovascular Diseases among Adults in Devchuli Municipality of Nawalpur District, Nepal
Introduction: The major Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases. Among the cardiovascular diseases, myocardial infarction and angina have high morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study assessed the prevalence of risk factors of NCD among adults, screened possible CVDs (myocardial infraction and angina) among adults and related presence of risk factors with possible CVDs (myocardial infarction and angina)
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among an adult population of 30 to 50 years in Devchuli Municipality of Nawalpur district, Nepal from June to December 2018. We used WHO STEPS survey questionnaire to assess risk factors and Rose Angina Questionnaire given by WHO to find out the possible myocardial infarction and angina as study tools. We used complete filled 372 questionnaires to analyze and draw the results. Proportionate random sampling was performed to obtain the sample from each ward.
Results: The prevalence of the use of any type of tobacco products was 20.7% and consumption of alcoholic products was 19.62%. Prevalence of physically inactive was found at 44.9%. Out of the total participants 25%, 15.3%, and 3.5% reported hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases respectively. Prevalence of possible rose angina and the myocardial infarction was found to be 8.06% and 2.7% respectively. Smoking (χ2=9.685, df=1, p=0.02) and alcohol consumption (χ2=4.331, df=1, p=0.037) were found significantly associated with Rose Angina.
Conclusions: The prevalence of risk factors of non-communicable diseases was high. Possible angina and the myocardial infarction were also found out in the adult population. Individual and community-based behavior change intervention program would be the way out to overcome the problem.
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