Quality of Life of Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Pokhara Metropolitan, Kaski, Nepal: a Cross-Sectional Analytical Study
Introduction: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing globally. Quality of Life is a multi-dimensional and recognized as an important outcome of health, representing the ultimate goal of all healthcare interventions. The study assessed the quality of life and its associated factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among the 184 type 2 diabetes patients of Pokhara Metropolitan, Kaski district using consecutive sampling technique. Data were collected through interviewer administrative questionnaire. Diabetes-39 tool was adopted to assess quality of life of type 2 diabetes patients. Ethical approval was taken from the Instiutional Review Committee of Pokhara University. Chi-square test was used to identify the association between independent variables and quality of life. Multivariate analyses was done to identify the influence of family type, occupation, International Wealth Index with quality of life.
Results: More than half (51.6%) of the participants were of age group of 40–60 years with a mean age of 56 years ± 11. More than two-thirds (69%) of the participants had a good quality of life. Anxiety and worries dimension had the highest mean score (Mean 46.95±21.14) of QoL among five dimension. Family types, occupation, respondent income, IWI, the time duration of exercise per day and seriousness in illness were found significantly associated with QoL (p <0.05).
Conclusions: Most of the participants had good quality of life among diabetic patients. Family types, occupation, respondent income, IWI, the time duration of exercise per day, seriousness in illness, are the predictors of QoL of types 2 diabetes patients. Emphasis should be given on raising awareness, involving regular physical activities, promoting social support and avoiding alcohol & tobacco use to improve QoL in diabetes.
Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.