The Upper end of Tibia of Nepalese adults: A Morphometric study

  • Rajeev Mukhia Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Dil Islam Mansur Department of Anatomy, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal
  • Krishna Wahekar Department of Orthopaedics, Manipal Teaching Hospital, Nepal
Keywords: Tibia, Medial condyle, Lateral condyle, Intercondylar area

Abstract

Introduction: The tibia bone forms the main skeleton of the leg. It plays an important role in weight bearing and takes part in the formation of knee joint. The knowledge of different dimensions of upper end of tibia will help the orthopaedic surgeons for diagnosis, planning and treatment of disease related to knee. Inappropriate design of knee replacement could affect the outcome of surgery with reported complications. The objective of the study is to find out the morphometric measurements of upper end of tibia in Nepalese Population.

Methods: After ethical approval (MEMG/IRC/211/GA) the study was done on 60 dry tibia bones of Nepalese citizens irrespective of sex and race in the Department of Anatomy, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara. The morphometric measurements of medial condyle, lateral condyle, intercondylar area and circumference of upper end of tibia of both sides were measured manually by thread, scale and Vernier calliper. Data were reported as mean ± SD and analyzed with MS Excel 2007 software.

Results: Average anteroposterior measurements were found to be 46.38 mm and 39.14 mm and average transverse measurements were 28.79 mm and 27.86 mm respectively for medial and lateral condyles of both sides. The anteroposterior and transverse measurements of intercondylar area of tibia were 47.75 mm and 7.11 mm on the right side and 49.81 mm and 7.25 mm respectively on the left side (p<0.05). Similarly mediolateral length and circumference of upper end of tibia of left limb were significantly greater than the right limb (p<0.05). 

Conclusion: The knowledge of different dimensions of upper end of tibia may be important in anthropological practice. Morp hometric parameters of upper end of tibia will be important to orthopaedic surgeons for diagnosis, planning and treatment of disease related to knee in Nepalese population.

Published
2020-10-16
How to Cite
Mukhia, R., Mansur, D. I., & Wahekar , K. (2020). The Upper end of Tibia of Nepalese adults: A Morphometric study. Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, 10(2), 78-81. https://doi.org/10.37107/jhas.167
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES